In Defence of Liberty

Driven by data; ridden with liberty.

Migration Statistics Quarterly Report, May 2016

The Office for National Statistics have published their latest round of the main migration statistics, including long-term international migration estimates from the International Passenger Survey, allocations of National Insurance Numbers to overseas individuals and Home Office visa data [1].

Published on 26th May 2016, net long-term international migration stands at 333,000 people, to the year-ending December 2015. This represents a statistically insignificant increase of 20,000. Net migration is equal to the amount of immigration (people arriving), less the amount of emigration (people leaving).

Net Long-Term International Migration by citizenship, UK, 1975 to 2015 (YE December 2015)

msqr-2016-05-citizenship

Source: Office for National Statistics, Long-Term International Migration. Notes: 1. Figures for 2015 are provisional and quarterly. All other figures are final calendar year estimates of LTIM. Provisional rolling quarterly estimates are represented in this chart by a cross. 2. This chart is not consistent with the total revised net migration as shown in Figures 1 and 2. This also means that estimates for the period 2001 to 2011 are not fully comparable with those for later periods. 3. Note that the data for 2015 reflects quarterly year ending data, whereas for 2014, and before, the data are calendar year data.

For long-term movements of over a year, immigration is estimated to be 630,000 people, a fall of 2,000 from the year before; with emigration at 297,000, and 22,000 people lower than the previous year. This is still a historical high, in terms of immigration levels.

Long-Term International Migration estimates of immigration to the UK, by main reason for migration, 2006 to 2015 (YE December 2015)

msqr-2016-05-reasons.png

Source: Office for National Statistics, Long-Term International Migration. Notes: 1. Figures are 2015 are provisional. In this chart provisional estimates are represented by a cross. 2. Up to YE December 2009, estimates are only available annually. 3. Acc./join means accompanying or joining.

Over 300,000 of those people incoming did so for work-related reasons. Formal study was the second most popular category, with year-end estimates lying between 150,000 and 200,000 people for the last four quarters.

The estimate for immigration for citizens of the European Union was 270,000, which was lower than the estimate for non-EU citizens, of 277,000.

The report also shows estimates from various groups of countries for work-related reasons, for those either seeking work and have a definite position.

IPS estimates of immigration to the UK for work-related reasons by citizenship, YE December 2012 to YE December 2015

msqr-2016-05-workrelated.png

Source: Office for National Statistics, International Passenger Survey. Notes: 1. Figures for 2015 are provisional. In this chart, provisional estimates are represented by a cross. 2. These are rolling year estimates, and the peaks are shown with the appropriate “year ending” data.

References

[1] ONS, 2016. Migration Statistics Quarterly Report: May 2016. Available from: http://www.ons.gov.uk/peoplepopulationandcommunity/populationandmigration/internationalmigration/bulletins/migrationstatisticsquarterlyreport/may2016 [Accessed: 28th May 2016]

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